Humanity has need for a set of guiding principles to serve as the foundation for a global constitution. Four principles, in particular, are essential to ensure that everyone has opportunity for all-around development and to protect the expression of humanity’s diverse cultures. These principles are: (1) complete security should be guaranteed to all plant and animal species; (2) purchasing power should be guaranteed to all citizens; (3) four fundamental rights of expression should be guaranteed — the right to engage in spiritual practice, the right to express one’s culture, the right to education, and the right to express in one’s language; and (4) if the practice of any of these rights conflicts with cardinal human values, then the practice should be curtailed.
People desire liberty; they want unhindered scope for self-development, self-expression, and pursuit of happiness. For liberty to be a meaningful social principle, it cannot be equated with unrestrained license. In any social structure, restraints imposed by custom and law are necessary. But on what basis are such restraints to be established? The proper principle for imposing restraint is that liberty must not extend so far that one person’s actions results in harm to others. While there should be full freedom in the spiritual and mental realms, freedom to acquire wealth in the physical sphere cannot be left unrestrained.
At this point in human existence, there is great need to establish a world confederation. A world governing body, having sovereign authority in certain spheres of life, needs to be evolved. Humanity has no other option if it is to secure a peaceful and prosperous future and life in harmony with the earth. This governing body should have clear authority to intercede in the affairs of nations in order to protect human, cultural and ecosystem rights. It should also coordinate global development and regulate the global economy to promote equity among earth’s peoples.
In a PROUT society the scope of government involvement in social life would diminish, and the state would not be so involved arenas of social life as setting educational agendas, funding and regulating cultural life, administering medical care, creating low cost housing, delivering social services, conducting relief efforts, etc. Functions such as these would handled largely by the institutions of civil society. Civil society would administer these activities through the agency of social boards composed of citizens having expertise and involvement in the concerned spheres of community life.