We’ve expanded our library with a diversity of new contents having value for a wide range of readers! In the past three months, some 13 new items have been uploaded to the Library. This includes two new folder collections:

  • General PROUT Theory
  • Cooperative Enterprise

Some new articles of particular significance include:

Our library has been getting valuable use: At this year’s 11th Annual Finnish Social Forum — a gathering of social movements, NGOs and civil society organizations — the Finnish PROUT group at the program distributed packets of PROUT articles that were sourced from the PROUT Institute Library.

Here are short blurbs on all of the articles and papers — and the two new subject folders — added to the Library since March, 2016


Proutist Methodology: Wave Theory, by Charles Paprocki.

Proutist methodology is clearly new and quite distinct from the methodologies employed by social scientists of the past. This methodology is based on the wave theory of P. R. Sarkar and resolves the contradiction between metaphysics and dialectics and the contradiction between idealism and materialism. Proutist Methodology is a new, dynamic method for analyzing the movement of human society.

Fundamental Design Principles of PROUT. The Progressive Utilization Theory (PROUT) offers a new paradigm of development that is guided by several fundamental design principles. These principles are based on cardinal human values: a fundamental respect for all living beings and a concern for the welfare and development of all people. The design principles are universal and durable. They achieve these qualities by reflecting, in the socioeconomic realm, the deep patterning of nature.

Basic PROUT Concepts of Development PROUT seeks to promote sustainable, empowering, holistic and abundant development on the basis of a guiding theory framework. Basic elements of this theory of development are outlined in this article.

Materializing PROUT in PracticePROUT is a new socioeconomic theory, and while some practical features of this theory have already been successfully demonstrated – such as the cooperative enterprise system – it has not as yet fully established itself in practice. Its efficacy, as a whole, remains untested. So, one might ask, “To what extent is it reasonable to assume that a PROUT society can be established and be viable in practice?” To answer this we must first look at the causes for failure of theories.

  • NEW LIBRARY SECTION: Cooperative Enterprise

Policy Statement on Cooperative Enterprise. Cooperatives are the preferred form of enterprise in the PROUT economy because they provide the most empowering arrangement for human beings to work together. Human beings have to work jointly with others so that everyone can move forward collectively. Only those economic activities that cannot be done collectively should be done individually, or under state control.

PROUT’s Cooperative System. Cooperatives are a highly efficient form of enterprise. Where cooperatives have adequate access to capital, entrepreneurship, skilled labor, and competent management, they out-perform capitalist-managed and state-managed enterprises in virtually every respect.  Cooperatives are a superior form of enterprise in their capacity to stimulate worker productivity.

Key Industries: Enterprises Having Strategic Importance.  In the PROUT economy all enterprises would conform, as appropriate, to the principles of social ownership and decentralization of economic power. There would not be state-owned enterprise, as this would go against the principle of social ownership. However, industries that have strategic importance to the society require governmental oversight of their management. These key industries would not be state-owned — they would be cooperatively owned and run — yet commissioned and regulated by government commissions or authorities.


Concept of Society.  The word “society” conveys a sense of collective living. But the innate spirit of a society involves more than collective existence; it also implies moving together. And this collective movement cannot be a disjointed movement but must be a united movement. Ao a proper conception of society must include a moving together of all in unison. There must also be magnanimous breadth to our cooperative movement. What is needed for humanity to progress is one human society that encompasses all humanity.


PROUT’s Expanded Conception of Liberty.  People desire liberty. Deprived of freedom, they rebel. Since the time of Voltaire and Jefferson, liberty has been championed as a fundamental right. For liberty to be a meaningful social principle, it cannot be equated with unrestrained license. In any social structure, restraints imposed by custom and laws are necessary. The proper principle for imposed restraint is this: Liberty must not extend so far that one person’s actions results in harm to others. In what arenas, then, is there the potential for liberty to bring harm?


Block Level PlanningEconomic planning should start at the level where the expertise of local people can best solve economic problems and create prosperity according to local needs. There may be aspects of economic planning which should be undertaken at the global, regional, or district levels, but, so far as is practical, planning activity should occur mainly at the local level. So the most basic level of planning for most purposes is that of the block. A block is a political unit of at least 100,000 people, the boundaries of which are determined on the basis of geographic factors, similar socioeconomic factors, and common economic problems and potentialities.

PROUT’s Three-Tiered Enterprise SystemIn a PROUTist economy, economic activities would be conducted by three types of enterprise: small private businesses, cooperatives, and key industries. Private enterprises would be small-scale businesses, such as specialty stores, handcraft producers, and street vendors. Cooperatives would undertake all production and marketing except that on a scale too small to be viable for cooperatives or that which is strategic to the society. Key industries would be the large-scale economic operations involved with products or services having strategic importance, such as banking, telecommunications, and energy utilities.


Short History of the PROUT MovementThis account follows the history of the PROUT movement from the mid 1970s through the mid 1990s. It tells the story of the intellectual and experiential journey that shaped the direction of activities during this era of the PROUT movement. This history focuses largely on the PROUTist activity that came out of North America. The North American centered experience, in the 1975-1995 era, built important understandings and undertakings that, over time, created a heightened potential for projecting PROUT. The ideas Proutists came to espouse were sophisticated and powerful, and by the mid-1990s a pathway was envisioned in which the PROUT paradigm could begin to stand out in the world of progressive change.

 Thoughts on a Programmatic Direction for Proutists.  The PROUT Institute developed this strategy statement to submit for the PROUT Strategic Planning Seminar, held in Asheville, North Carolina in May 2016. It first sets up the core elements for the balanced development of a PROUT movement, then gives recommendations for strengthening the internal conditions that support an effective PROUT movement, and concludes with the PI’s views on the four questions developed as the focus for collective discussion at the Strategic Planning Seminar.